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比SARS更强 中东MERS疫情爆发
主页 > K生活画 >比SARS更强 中东MERS疫情爆发 > 作者: 2020-07-19 浏览:482
比SARS更强 中东MERS疫情爆发
比SARS更强 中东MERS疫情爆发 CNN主播 萝丝玛丽.邱尔吉

New alarm in the United States of the spread of the potentially deadly MERS virus. Two Florida health care workers, who came into contact with a confirmed MERS patient, are now being tested.

可能具有致命性的中东呼吸症候群(MERS)病毒扩散在美国引发警戒。两名佛罗里达医护人员接触了一名确诊的MERS病患,现在正接受检验。

CNN主播 约翰.沃斯

And as signs go up in U.S. airports urging precautions for those traveling to the Mideast,officials are scrambling to find perhaps hundreds of people who may have had contact with this latest patient. Brian Todd has the details.

美国机场纷纷设立告示牌,敦促前往中东的旅客提高警觉,同时官员也忙着找出恐达数百名可能接触过这名最新病患的人。布莱恩.陶德带来详细报导。

CNN特派员 布莱恩.陶德

A creeping, contagious and potentially deadly respiratory virus has reached the U.S. and created a legitimate health scare. Two Orlando area health care workers exposed to a patient with MERS have been treated for flu-like symptoms. One of those workers is in isolation.

一种缓慢发展、具有传染性而且可能致命的呼吸道病毒已经传到美国,并且理所当然引发了健康恐慌。两名奥兰多地区的医护人员接触了一名 MERS 病患,结果因类流感症状而接受治疗。其中一名医护人员目前在隔离中。

认识MERS「中东呼吸道症候群」

比SARS更强 中东MERS疫情爆发

MERS是Middle East Respiratory Syndrome「中东呼吸道症候群」的缩写。最早称作2012 年新型冠状病毒(Novel coronavirus 2012),是2012年发现的新型病毒,被认为和SARS 病毒相似,因此亦有人称之Saudi SARS。

2012年初一位遭到病毒感染的沙乌地阿拉伯人病逝,同年9月另一位曾去过沙乌地阿拉伯卡达的感染病患被施以呼吸道疾病的治疗,最后却因併发肾衰竭而死亡。2013年2月,英国曼彻斯特一名从中东及巴基斯坦回来的人确诊感染MERS,成为英国首宗及全球第十宗个案。全球至今累积超过600个MERS确诊案例,造成超过180人死亡。

奥兰多菲力普斯医师医院 安东尼奥.克雷斯波医师

It all happened before the proper isolation precaution were initiated,so these people were in contact with a patient without a mask.

这一切都发生在适当的隔离预防措施启动之前,所以他们与病患接触的时候没有戴口罩。

CNN特派员 布莱恩.陶德

Officials say about health care workers at two hospitals in the Orlando area might have been exposed to the MERS patient.

What is MERS? It stands for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. It started in the Saudi Peninsula, but has now spread around the globe. Experts say it may originate with camels, but you can get it simply by breathing in.Most of those getting it have been relatives of patients or health careworkers.

官员表示,奥兰多地区两所医院里可能有二十名左右的医护人员暴露于那名MERS病患身边。

MERS是什幺?这个简写代表「中东呼吸症候群」。这种疾病始于阿拉伯半岛,但现在已传遍全球各地。专家表示,这种疾病可能源自骆驼,但你只要吸入就可能感染。大多数感染的人士都是病患亲属或医护人员。

华盛顿特区卫生部部长 乔索.贾西亚医师

We can infect one person to another if they’re in close proximity, [if] we have droplets of the fluid that we have in our body being inhaled by the other person, or being in close contact with the other person.

两个人如果距离接近就有可能人传人,如果我们体内的体液飞沫被他人吸入,或者与他人近距离接触。

CNN特派员 布莱恩.陶德

It attacks the respiratory system. The main symptoms—coughing, fever,trouble breathing. Why is it so scary?

It’s deadlier and spreads through the body faster than the very similar SARS virus of a decade ago. About a third of the 530-plus MERS patients have died, experts say, compared to about 10 percent of SARS victims.

这种疾病会攻击呼吸系统。主要的症状有咳嗽、发烧、呼吸困难。这种疾病为什幺这幺令人害怕?因为它比十几年前极为类似的SARS病毒更致命,而且在体内扩散的速度也更快。专家指出,罹患MERS的五百三十几名患者约有三分之一丧生,相较之下SARS病患的致死率是百分之十。

比SARS更强 中东MERS疫情爆发

※SARS是Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome「严重急性呼吸道症候群」的缩写,引起SARS的病毒也是冠状病毒的一种。SARS在2003年大爆发,共造成8,273人感染,其中775人死亡。

华盛顿特区卫生部部长 乔索.贾西亚医师

There is no vaccine for it and there is no treatment for it.

这种疾病目前还没有疫苗,也没有治疗方法。

CNN特派员 布莱恩.陶德

Meaning patients survive only by getting the symptoms treated. There are two actual MERS patients now in the U.S., both of them health care workers. The most recent one in Orlando recently flew from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, to London, then from London to Boston,Boston to Atlanta, then Atlanta toOrlando.

Are they going to have to track everyone on each one of those flights?

也就是说,病患只能藉着治疗症状保命。目前美国有两名确实罹患 MERS 的患者,两人都是医护人员。最近的一个病例在奥兰多,日前从沙乌地阿拉伯吉达飞往伦敦,再从伦敦飞到波士顿,又从波士顿飞到亚特兰大,接着又从亚特兰大飞到奥兰多。他们必须追蹤这那班飞机上的每一个人吗?

华盛顿特区卫生部部长 乔索.贾西亚医师

Not necessarily. As a matter of fact, what they would be doing is the people that were in close contact with that patient.

So, if you were sitting near that person,one or two seats, yes, you’re going to be interviewed. But if you’re sitting several rows [away] and that patient did not walk too close to you, there’s no reason to even be concerned.

不必然。实际上,他们只需追蹤与那名病患近距离接触过的人。所以,你要是坐在那人附近的一、两个座位,那幺你就会被探访。不过,你的座位要是和那名病患隔了好几排,而且那人也没有走到你身边太近,那就没有理由担心什幺。

CNN特派员 布莱恩.陶德

The other MERS patient in the U.S. also recently flew from Saudi Arabia, traveling to London, then London to Chicago,then took a bus from Chicago to Indiana.

Dr. Joxel Garcia says that bus ride could be a problem. The patient had extended exposure to others, closer in. And it’s not clear how good the ventilation system on that bus was. All of those bus passengers, he says, will have to be tracked.

美国的另一名MERS患者也是在最近从沙乌地阿拉伯飞到伦敦,接着从伦敦飞到芝加哥,然后从芝加哥搭乘巴士到印第安纳。

乔索.贾西亚医师说,那段巴士旅程可能会是个问题,因为那名病患在近距离内长时间暴露于他人身边。那辆巴士上的通风系统好不好并不清楚。他说,那辆巴士上的所有乘客都必须追蹤。

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